Diabetes mellitus has become a rapidly growing pandemic. The disease is estimated that four million deaths per year, causing almost on par with the death of HIV / AIDS. Data for 2000 show that diabetes mellitus affects 8.4 million people and will increase to 21.3 million in 2030.
Most diabetics (diabetes) diagnosed at advanced stages. In fact, according to Dr. Budiman Darmowidjojo, SPPD, the situation has further complications in the kidneys, eyes, blood vessels or nerves.”The danger of this disease is not only a high blood sugar, but its complications,” he said.
If diabetes can be diagnosed, would be the chance to control blood sugar better, so that complications can be avoided. The detection of diabetes, a major, indeed the results of blood sugar. The blood sugar levels by testing for fasting blood sugar over 126 and checks at any time over 200 is considered diabetes.
In addition to laboratory tests, said Dr. Budiman, there are three classic symptoms of diabetes is also known as 3P, namely:
1. Polyuria or frequent urination with lots of volume, especially at night. Why is this so? If the blood sugar level of the renal threshold or exceeds more than 180 mg / dl then the sugar come with urine.To the urine that contain sugar, not too thick, the body as much water as possible is characterized in the urine so the urine volume, which came very much and was urinating frequently. It is very often so that at night can disrupt sleep.
2. Polidipsi feel, or often thirsty and want to drink as much as possible. With so much urine is the body of water or dehydration is missing. To overcome this, there arose a thirst, so people always want to drink in a cool, sweet, fresh, and want more. Sugary drinks are very harmful because it makes the higher blood sugar levels.
3. Polifagi or increased appetite and lack of energy. In diabetes, because insulin problems, inclusion of sugar in the body cells so that less energy is even less well established. That is why people become limp. So the brain is also thought that less energy from lack of food. Therefore, the body tries to food intake caused by feelings of hunger grew so timbulah wanted to eat more and increase.