Vaccination or immunization is one of the best ways to help your child stay healthy and protected from the threat of the disease.However, many parents worry about whether the vaccine is safe enough if the baby has a cold, allergies and other medical conditions were.
In fact, almost the entire immunization is safe for most children.However, there are several reasons that might make sense for parents to delay or even to give vaccinations to children. For safety, contact your pediatrician, which of the following reasons that are relevant to your child.
1. Experienced a severe reaction to previous vaccine
An important reason for the vaccination of children to prevent a severe allergic reaction to the vaccine. Similarly, according to Robert W. Frenck, Jr., MD, professor of pediatrics at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Ohio.
Allergic reactions “almost never happens,” said Dr. Frenck, but that appears to be hives, difficulty breathing, or decreased blood pressure. Other serious reactions, such as high fever, headache and confusion, including rare cases.
2. Egg allergy
Vaccines for influenza and measles viruses in chicken eggs.However, the vaccine is given to your child, even if he has an egg allergy.
“One way to give flu vaccine to children allergic to eggs is to give small doses,” said Dr. Andrew Hertz, MD, pediatrician at the University Hospital Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital in Cleveland.
Advisory Committee on Immunization Program in the U.S. have recently recommended that people with egg allergies should get a flu vaccination. Studies have noted that even people with egg allergy reactions to the vaccine is not likely, since the amount of egg protein in it is very small.
3. High fever
“If your child has a fever over 38.5 degrees Celsius, ask your doctor whether you need to postpone the vaccination,” advises Dr. Hertz. ”You will not know if the fever is a side effect of the vaccine,” said Dr. Hertz. But he suggests, if you to delay vaccination because of a fever, do not forget to re-schedule.
Children with asthma and reduced lung conditions should be the key to get a flu shot every year. Because the flu can be a big problem for people with hearing problems, respiratory problems.
However, you should avoid this type of nasal flu vaccine (a vaccine that is sprayed), because the vaccine contains live virus, unlike the injected vaccine, which is a dead virus. ”This will probably cause an asthma attack,” said Dr. Hertz.
5. A high dose steroids
If your child using high doses of corticosteroids (which exclude an overreaction of the immune system), you should avoid live vaccines, including a nasal flu vaccine, rotavirus, MMR, varicella (chicken pox) and shingles (herpes), until a few weeks after he stopped taking steroids.
According to Dr. Frenck, high doses of steroids usually for a relatively short period of time to asthma or other diseases. These drugs can reduce the activity of immune cells to fight viral infections. However, low doses of inhaled steroids are not a problem in the vaccination.
6. A low immunity or chemotherapy
Children with weakened immune systems due to chemotherapy, or immunosuppressive therapy for autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), should also avoid live vaccines. Despite the killing, virus vaccines remain safe and necessary to protect children with these conditions.
“In general, children with HIV should be vaccinated while their immune systems are not too disturbed,” said Ciro Sumaya, MD, professor of Texas A & M Health Science Center School of Rural Public Health, College Station.
The only exception is the flu vaccine live. If not, than the children with HIV has a number of T cells within an acceptable range, then it is safe enough to live vaccines such as MMR, varicella and rotavirus receive.
8. There are people who are sick at home
According to Dr. Hertz, a number of specific types of live vaccines not be given to children living with people who have weakened immune systems, either because it is chemotherapy or HIV / AIDS, or taking immunosuppressive drugs.
In particular, these children avoid getting a nasal flu vaccine. In theory, the virus that originated from the nasal vaccine is potentially infectious and enter through the respiratory tract, although the amount is very small.