Many changes and experience, both physically and emotionally, as he began to understand. You should always pay attention to programming and the type of food that you eat, as the growth and development of the fetus depends on the diet of the mother.
Some nutrients important role in fetal growth. During pregnancy, the increase in energy metabolism due to changes in the body and the developing fetus. Therefore, the need for energy and nutrients are increased. How can I add that? Not only constantly increase the amount of food that enters the body, but also think about what you eat.
During the second and third trimester of pregnancy requires 300 calories per day. Although this increase was not used during the first quarter, does not mean that the balance of the diet is not important. These extra calories needed to gain weight (for a total of 12 to 16 pounds during pregnancy). It is very necessary to generate an adequate birth weight. If the first three quarters, the weight gain is only 0, 5 kg per month. While in the last two quarters, 0, 5 kg per week. Sdangkan quarters (9 months) should be 0, 5-1 kg. Calories can be gained by eating nuts, fruits, cereals, rice, vegetables, potatoes.
Protein is needed to build, repair and replace tissue. Pregnant women need more nutrients for optimal fetal growth. The protein can be obtained by eating tofu, tempeh, meat, poultry, fish, milk and eggs.
Research shows that the fetus is 13 mg of calcium in the blood of the mother is required. The fetus needs calcium in bones and teeth. When the amount of calcium, which take up less then it from the bone. Therefore, you may experience a weakening of the bones (osteomalacia) later. Calcium from dairy products, food tofu, broccoli, beans are produced.
Iron deficiency are in the growth and development of the fetus. Iron deficiency can. Risk of disability (mortality) and her fetus Because iron requirements difficult to meet the nutrition, recommended use of dietary supplements sometimes. Iron can be obtained by eating spinach, red meat, liver, fish, poultry, seafood, eggs, soya.
Folic acid (vitamin B)
Folic acid is consumed from the moment of conception and early pregnancy to prevent birth defects of the brain and spinal column. Studies show that the risk of defects of the spine (spina bifida) and anomalies ronggga brain (anencephaly) was reduced by 50%. It is advisable to obtain 400 mg of folic acid per day. Folic acid can get by eating spinach, orange juice, oatmeal, broccoli, strawberries and bread.
The liquid is needed to increase the volume of blood and water ketubah. Drink at least 6-8 glasses per day. Reduce fluid intake does not reduce inflammation you experience. But it can cause kidney damage. Consumption of liquid water is better, except that you can eat soup, juice and tea.
Salt water can help blood. Body needs a little salt, about 2000 to 8000 mg per day. Some mothers are exposed to high blood pressure or pre-eclampsia did not need extra salt intake.
Remember, to avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol and caffeine