For launching and healthy infants, pregnant women should eat during pregnancy health advocates, such as algae.
When it comes to algae, which means the type of brown algae and red algae. Brown algae that live in cold waters, while the red algae in the tropics. During this alga is known more for producers of ingredients gelatin or pudding. Nutritional composition of algae that is complete is suitable for pregnant and lactating mothers.
Experts in food technology from IPB, Prof Dr Made Astawan nutritional content of food several book said that the nutritional composition of seaweed varies greatly depending on the species, site and season.
The main content of algae is the fresh water that reaches 80-90 percent, while the levels of protein and fat are very small.Although the fat content is low, the composition of fatty acids essential to health.
Algae rich in omega-3 and omega-6. Both of these fatty acids are fats that are important for the body, particularly as constituents of the membranes of brain tissue, nerve, retina, blood plasma, and reproductive organs.
Caloric content of algae is very low. Of the total carbohydrates, less than a quarter that can be absorbed by the body. Therefore, both algae and agar are very good for those who want to reduce weight.
Algae is also known to be extremely rich in iodine element.Iodine content of seaweed around 2400-155000 times more than the iodine content of vegetables grown on land.
Iodine deficiency causes various health problems, in particular the development of goiter (enlarged thyroid gland). Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can cause fetal defects, the child becomes mute and deaf, the brain is less developed, stunted growth, delayed growth and mental retardation.
To prevent problems caused by iodine deficiency, the recommended intake of iodine is 150 micrograms for adults, 175 micrograms for pregnant women and 200 micrograms for women who are breastfeeding.