This is a fairly common problem, and that 5% of women will develop ovarian cysts during their life.
A cyst is a mass that may be abnormal, often is a bag, the contents are liquid. There are different types of ovarian cysts. The ovary contains birth data, a number of file oocytes. Each is wound into a pouch, called a follicle. At the beginning of each cycle the ovaries causes the growth of a dozen follicles while producing estrogen. Getting on the fourteenth day of the cycle, follicles larger, more mature, will be deported to the trunk at the time of ovulation. If pregnancy does not occur, the egg is removed and the rules.
During this time, the level of its large ovarian oocyte undergoes emptied a transformation that is substantially secrete progesterone then enables corpus luteum. This corpus luteum usually disappear at the end of the cycle, when pregnancy. If no other group follicle after ovulation regress or the corpus luteum is not the end of the cycle disappears, is a cyst. This persistence indicated, ovary, several bags at a time in the cycle when it should see a lot of follicles.
Depending on the type of cyst, there is an increased secretion of estrogen and progesterone, which maintain a hormonal imbalance. These cysts are called “follicular” are the most common, 90% of the cases. They are usually discovered incidentally during a pelvic ultrasound. This test can correctly locate and measure the cyst. Also check if it contains only the liquid is good or fibrous. Sometimes, large cysts can include symptoms such as abdominal pressure, sometimes bleeding occur.
If the cyst is small and does not cause symptoms, monitor their progress. In most cases, reduce or disappear spontaneously after three to six months. If the cyst is large enough, or painful, we recommend a hormonal contraceptive for the patient to try your hormonal imbalances leading to the formation of cysts regulate. But if the cyst persists despite treatment, is painful or is growing, must be removed in order to avoid complications. Very often the operation is performed laparoscopically.
A large cyst can cause serious complications: increased a touch of Ovarian Cancer Ovarian heads off. The ovary is not watered properly, even a purple and necrosis. This causes severe pain and must work quickly to prevent the patient lose their ovaries. Another complication – rarely – cyst: ovarian cancer. A cyst can actually “degenerate” viciousness.
Much less feared than ovarian cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome affects 5-10% of women. More cysts in each ovary less than a few millimeters in diameter: If a woman has cysts accompanied by irregular periods, acne and hair growth as polycystic ovary syndrome. This can lead to problems with fertility, because the ovaries be difficult to solve egg shell is very hard. Sometimes this is done in the case of a perforation. Drilling a hole in the hull or by photocoagulation ovary wall. You can cysts and pregnancy to term. However, some types of cysts reduce the chances of getting pregnant are organic cysts. If very adherent ovary wall, and may be modified during the surgical procedure.
Finally, if the cyst is caused by endometriosis, may impair fertility. For in this disease, tissue resembling endometrium, grows outside the uterus, the endometrium. This causes injury, adhesions that interfere with the normal function of organs.