Health reasons suspected to be the cause of Steve Jobs resigned from his position as CEO of Apple technology company. Over the past seven years, he fought against pancreatic cancer are rare.
Of all cancer cases in the United States, only a small percentage of pancreatic cancer, but this disease is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths. The reason, cancer is usually discovered when they entered an advanced stage, which is difficult to cure.
Over the years against his illness, Jobs made a variety of aggressive treatments, including liver transplantation. Compared to other patients with pancreatic cancer, the survival rate is higher jobs. However, a sudden decision to quit Apple judged as a signal of worsening of the disease.
“It is difficult to determine how long can Jobs, but I suspect more than a year,” said Zev Wainbergh, experts from the digestive organs cancer UCLA Jonsson Cancer Center, quoted by the United States today ‘ hui.
Jobs had pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor that affects only 5 percent of 43,000 cases of pancreatic cancer are diagnosed each year.
“Pancreatic cancer patients usually survive less than a year, but suffered job cancers are generally easier to treat,” said Margaret Tompero, specialists of pancreatic cancer at the University of California at San Francisco, who does not work.
Neuroendocrine tumors, he said, occur in cells of the pancreas that produce hormones, usually grow slowly so patients can live more than two years. If the tumor is still there, usually the cancer will grow faster.
“Patients can still survive with this condition for a year. But if levernya’ve had a very rapid progression of the disease, “said Richard Goldberg, an expert in neuroendocrine tumors. He explained that 10 percent of patients whose cancer has spread throughout the body (metastasis ) can still survive.
Given the exciting job of working are high, the doctor guessed his decision to quit as CEO of Apple is a signal that he had already felt the state of the disease can not be controlled.
In 2004, Jobs has a variety of aggressive treatments to cure the tumor. In 2009, he conducted a liver transplant. It indicates the tumor has spread from the pancreas into the liver so it should be discarded.
“Liver transplantation in cases of this tumor is sometimes successful, but long-term care,” says Tempero.
After the act of transplantation, patients must take medication for life to prevent rejection of new organs. ”But because these drugs also inhibit the immune system, cancer can come back and attack the new liver or other organs,” he said.
Actions transplant can cure if the cancer has not spread.Transplantation may also restore liver function so that the age of the patient’s life expectancy could increase.
Actor Patrick Swayze also died of pancreatic cancer in 2009, and the opera star Luciano Pavarotti in 2007.
Not yet known how and why to form endocrine tumors of the pancreas. However, there are several risk factors for pancreatic cancer are known, including smoking, obesity, and the habit of eating red meat and fat.
Scientists are now actively researching to find a way to detect this disease at an early stage so that the chances of recovery.The absence of signs and symptoms are a feature of cancer is so commonly advanced.
Although there are signs and symptoms, the most common are abdominal pain, weight loss, and yellow skin and eyes. Weight loss is usually obvious, with an average of more than 10 pounds.