Healthy Life Tips » pregnancy Achieve Perfect Health for Your Life Sun, 15 Jul 2012 13:48:03 +0000 en hourly 1 Beware of Hypertension in Early Pregnancy /beware-of-hypertension-in-early-pregnancy.html /beware-of-hypertension-in-early-pregnancy.html#comments Fri, 23 Dec 2011 04:20:24 +0000 qhiqy /?p=1470

A new study shows that women with high blood pressure (hypertension) in the earlystages of pregnancy are more likely to have babies with birth defects, whether theinfluence of drugs he was taking antihypertensive medication or not.

These findings indicate that hypertension as the main underlying cause of birth defects, while the use of antihypertensive medication in early pregnancy canincrease risk of birth defects.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are a type of antihypertensive drugs are often prescribed to treat hypertension. These drugs have toxic effects on the fetus in the second or third trimester. But, how it affects the drug effect on the firsttrimester fetus is not yet clearly known.

Dr. De-Kun Li of the Kaiser Foundation Research Institute in California, UnitedStates doing research to see whether a relationship exists between the use of ACEinhibitors with the risk of birth defects during the first trimester. They 465 754 data pairs of mother and child study at Kaiser Permanente Northern California betweenthe years 1995-2008.

The analysis showed that women receiving ACE inhibitors during the first trimesteris more likely to have a baby with a form of birth defects compared with women who are not hypertensive or have never used any form of antihypertensive agents.

However, a similarly high risk in women who use other antihypertensives and those with high blood pressure, but not taking antihypertensive medication.

“Our findings suggest that hypertension as a major cause of birth defects. While the use of antihypertensive medication in the first trimester increases the risk of birth defects in children,” the researchers conclude.

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Limit Flu Drug Consumption During Pregnancy /limit-flu-drug-consumption-during-pregnancy.html /limit-flu-drug-consumption-during-pregnancy.html#comments Fri, 23 Dec 2011 04:18:23 +0000 qhiqy /?p=1468
During pregnancy a mother’s candidate should be more careful when taking the drug, including drug-free. One of the medications should be limited cold and coughmedicines.

The researchers cautioned different types of cough and cold medicines may containsubstances harmful to fetal growth. Furthermore, no studies that accurately statesthe safety of flu drugs in pregnant women.

It is best to use the doctor to determine which medications are safe for pregnantwomen. The following guidelines can help you take cold medicine.

- Reduce the minimum

OTC cough and flu medicines contain at least six types of chemicals to deal withdifferent symptoms of flu such as cough, colds and headaches. If possible choose amedicine containing the active substance with a specific complaint ago.

- Beware of decongestant drugs

Consumption of relief medication nose (decongestants) are taken in the firsttrimester of pregnancy should be avoided. Research suggests that these drugsincrease the risk of congenital abnormalities of the fetus. As an alternative to drug use drops or spray into the airways.

- Herbs are not always safe

Today, many medications that contain herbs. Although not necessarily made ​​fromvegetable ingredients are safe for pregnancy, as these drugs generally have not been scientifically studied.

- Choose a drug-free alcohol

When choosing a cough medicine to look for drugs that no alcohol.

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8 Changes Occurring During Pregnancy Body /8-changes-occurring-during-pregnancy-body.html /8-changes-occurring-during-pregnancy-body.html#comments Fri, 11 Nov 2011 11:25:03 +0000 qhiqy /?p=1329

If the growth of the fetus in the womb was a series of changes that expectant mothers, physically or mentally. Here are eight extraordinary changes that occur when the mother two entities.

1. The growth of new organs
Not only the baby grows in the womb, the pregnant woman’s body, the development of a new organ. The placenta is the only body, while existing in the human body.
The placenta begins when the fertilized egg created. At this stage of his name multicellular blastocyst, then paste on the wall of the uterus one week later. Measuring 2.2 kg, the placenta is also an endocrine organ, that is, she took the hormones needed for pregnancy expired.

2. The bones are soft
In the birth canal, the baby’s head through a phase of hard bone.But the pregnant woman’s body in a special way is able to look after her baby. The body will release the hormone relaxin, which served for the binding of cartilage pelvis loosen.
Relaxation process of bone that make childbirth easier. However, the hormone relaxin also affects the joints. During pregnancy relaxin are found in the body increases to 10 percent that make expectant mothers suffer from back pain and painful.

3. So forgetful
Research in 2010, the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, expectant mother’s memory decline than women who are not pregnant. Hormonal changes strongly suspected the cause.

4. Nausea and vomiting
Although commonly called morning sickness, but most pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting during the day. The main trigger is the smell and the smell is too strong. Complaints of nausea and vomiting usually disappear when entering the 12 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms of morning sickness peaks along with the growth of embryonic organs.

5. Burning sensation in the chest
Complaints of burning sensation in the chest caused by pressure on the digestive tract as the fetus continues to grow.

6. Frequent urination, the large size of the baby in the uterus causes pressure on the bladder, urethra and pelvic floor muscles.This pressure also causes the discharge of urine during pregnancy coughing, sneezing or laughing.

7. Increased blood volume

At 20 weeks, the body produces blood by 50 percent. This extra amount of blood can cause side effects such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids. However, this is a good blood circulation causes the skin and hair is more shiny, so do not be surprised if a large number of pregnant women more beautiful.

8. Tingling in the fingers

Although not a pianist or an employee who makes a lot of typing, but only pregnancy can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome. The main symptoms are numbness and tingling in the fingers. Increased fluid in the body, including the wrist will cause pressure on nerves that numbness and tingling.

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Depression During Pregnancy Child Growth Inhibition /depression-during-pregnancy-child-growth-inhibition.html /depression-during-pregnancy-child-growth-inhibition.html#comments Sun, 30 Oct 2011 10:49:55 +0000 qhiqy /?p=1264

A recent study showed that babies of mothers, depressed, especially in developing countries, a 40 percent chance of underweight or stunted growth compared to those born to mothers has his spiritual good.

“Our analysis showed a positive and significant relationship between depression in pregnant women in the growth of disturbances in the developing countries,” said an analyst in the monthly bulletin of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Even thought, the problem of poor growth in children are more severe in pregnant women who experience more severe depression. Besides the problem of depression is estimated at about 15-57 percent of pregnant women in poor countries vulnerable to conflict in marriage and domestic violence.

This analysis is based on 17 studies that looked at nearly 14,000 mothers and children in some countries such as Africa, Asia, South America and the Caribbean. Including Brazil, India and Nigeria.

“Now we are in a critical period, after seeing the results of research in 17 developing countries. This is the first case based on the large number of cases,” says Pamela Surkan from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

According Surkan, can cause inadequate growth in childhood lead to a short growing children, poor education, decreased productivity and increased risk of disease.

“Pregnant women who have always been associated with depression are less responsive parenting. And the ability to provide breast milk will be lower and shorter,” said Surkan.

According Surkan, the depression of pregnant women in developing countries to prevent, might be misled by providing social support, home visits or group therapy, and notification of information by the common people.

One thinks very effective, and is shown to help symptoms of depression of pregnant women in some countries, including China, Jamaica, Pakistan, South Africa and Uganda to reduce.

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Seven Warning Signs During Pregnancy /seven-warning-signs-during-pregnancy.html /seven-warning-signs-during-pregnancy.html#comments Sun, 30 Oct 2011 10:12:44 +0000 qhiqy /?p=1262

For some expectant mothers, a little pain lead to the generation of hazardous and emergency visits to the midwife immediately.For mothers who else the same pain sometimes ignored. They think it’s a normal phenomenon during pregnancy.

How to distinguish between symptoms that require immediate medical attention with an innocent, that a material question for you as further consultation with a gynecologist?

The consensus is better safe than sorry. Arise when signs of the unusual that makes you hesitate, call or visit a doctor. There are some signs that should not be forgotten.

Here are seven signs that could lead to serious complications during pregnancy.

Signs 1: Bleeding in any trimester
Bleeding can mean many things. Severe bleeding associated with abdominal pain very well as menstrual cramps or feel faint and everything will happen in the first trimester, it may be a sign of pregnancy outside the womb, “says Peter Bernstein, MD, clinical professor at Albert Einstein College of Obgin Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx.

Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implanted in another place, except in the womb. Ectopic pregnancy can be life threatening expectant mothers. Heavy bleeding with cramps may be a sign of miscarriage in the first trimester or early second trimester.

In other words, bleeding at any time during pregnancy is dangerous. Not waiting for a doctor to see if bleeding while pregnant.

Signs 2: Nausea and vomiting are severe
Nausea and vomiting worse until you do not keep food in the stomach a very dangerous situation. ”If you can not eat or drink, dehydration threatens,” says Bernstein.

You are also at risk for malnutrition, which can lead to congenital defects in premature birth. It is therefore important to seek medical attention if severe nausea and vomiting continued.

There is a safe drug that can be taken to control it. Perhaps the doctor will recommend dietary changes, so you can find foods that do not cause nausea and vomiting.

Signs 3: Activity significantly reduced fetal
What does it mean when a potential baby, who usually love to move, suddenly looks like a lack of energy? ”If the baby in the womb is not active as usual, so the fetus can not get enough oxygen and nutrients to the placenta,” says Bernstein.

How can we know? Bernstein recommends that you eat or drink something cold and then sleep on his side. Hold on whether the fetus will move.

The number of stages can also be used as an indicator, there is no standard, but 10 or more steps in two hours is the normal amount. If less than that, immediately contact a physician.Doctors have adequate tools to see if the fetus under normal conditions, moving, and grow depending on the age of the uterus.

4 signs: Contractions at the start of the third trimester
Contractions can be a sign of premature birth. Unfortunately, many expectant mothers who confuse the true with the birth sign marks the birth of the “fake” (false labor).

False labor contractions called Braxton-Hicks. Contraction of the type that just can not be predicted, not beritme and intensity increase. It usually disappear within one hour, or when you drink.Though it marks the birth of a real contraction berinterval 10 minutes or less and the intensity increased.

What coupling important thing is not tamper with the safety of newborn babies. If you suffer a contraction in the third trimester, do not waste time. Immediate medical attention. If the baby was too young to be born, the doctor must postpone births tool.

5 signs: Water breaks you walk into the kitchen and felt dalarn large amounts of water flowed both feet. It could be due to a ruptured amniotic fluid. Or would the bladder. If you are not sure whether the water is amniotic fluid or urine, try to use the bathroom and pee. If the liquid flow, which means that the amniotic fluid. You need a doctor or hospital immediately.

6 signs: headache constantly, abdominal pain, swelling and visual disturbances during the third trimester

All symptoms can be a sign of preeclampsia are. It is a serious condition that occurs during pregnancy and may be dangerous.Pre-eclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine which normally occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy.

Please contact your doctor immediately and consult your stress.Early prenatal care can address pre-eclampsia.

7 Signs: Symptoms of flu
In the flu season, pregnant women usually easily catch the flu than people who are not pregnant. This is because pregnancy places extra stress on the immune system. In addition, pregnant women at high risk for developing serious complications from the flu.

Symptoms of flu include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. If you are not pregnant and symptoms of influenza, as much as possible refrain from pregnant women, so they are not infected.

Moreover, if the expectant mother has a fever with body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius, there was a sign of infection. Again, do not hesitate to go to the doctor if it occurs.

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Pregnancy and HIV Infection /pregnancy-and-hiv-infection.html /pregnancy-and-hiv-infection.html#comments Sun, 16 Oct 2011 12:46:03 +0000 qhiqy /?p=1188

I got married two years ago. Right now I am in a state of two months pregnant. I consulted a midwife. I’m good condition, but doctors advised me to test for hepatitis B, HIV, and some other tests. I agree, but a bit reluctant to undergo HIV test. I do not feel risky, but my husband did have the use of drugs for one year in high school. Once it is clean and can continue their education in undergraduate engineering.

Frankly, I was afraid that as positive. But after I thought about my back better, I know my status do not care. After discussing with my husband, my husband agreed to the test and a test. The results were very surprising, my husband is also positive and positive.

Frankly, we were very upset because we have young families seeking to build a happy family after a long lecture. Yet we are determined to confront this situation. I am diligently seeking information on the Internet, it seems that research into HIV infection now that many people hope.

Pregnant women can be prevented so as not to infect her baby.Whether in our country HIV prevention and treatment are the same as overseas? I’ve heard that Indonesia has also produced HIV medication. Is the quality abroad is very good as medicine?What can I do to our family can stay healthy?
(N B)

Answer It is true in a variety of scientific meetings on HIV budding optimism that HIV infection will be monitored and there’s even a discourse of HIV infection will be cured. This optimism arises based on the results of research in the field of prevention and therapy. WHO has a bold achievement in 2015 as follows:

1) Decrease in new HIV cases among women and young men by 50 percent, 2) reduction of new HIV cases in infants and children by 90 percent, and 3) HIV-related deaths by 50 percent. In fact, experts began to explain in the future can be achieved all three states are referred to as the three zero.

The situation is the absence of new HIV cases, the absence of more deaths from HIV, and the absence of discrimination. To achieve this, we must work hard. Most of the prevention and therapy can be carried out abroad have also been implemented in our country.

Indeed, health professionals more intensively ceaseless encourage people to test for HIV. We seek early HIV to identify chances in the state in order to receive preventive therapy do not contagious open to others.

Medicines for HIV, called antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are now known not only useful for the treatment of infected individuals, but also a preventive for the transfer to others.

Men who are HIV positive, when taking antiretroviral drugs correctly, the virus can be detected, so no risk of transmission to his wife to be very small. As for the prevention of HIV transmission from pregnant mothers to their babies in three ways, namely pregnant women need to ARV drugs, the birth process through surgery Sectio Caesarea, and bottle to take.
The risk of transmission of HIV-positive pregnant mothers to their babies about 35 percent, comprising 7 percent risk during pregnancy, vaginal delivery at 15 percent and 13 percent of breast milk.

Actually, if pregnant women medication long enough so that the amount of virus in the body can be kept to a minimum, the risk of transmission through breast milk from birth and fall. That is why the African countries that the use of ARVs does not require surgery went well and the baby can still be given only milk.

But in our experience Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM), most pregnant women come to the hospital after pregnancy. In fact there is so give birth to the ability to use ARVs very short.Therefore, the doctors still recommend surgery and the use of infant formulas. In this way, the risk of transmission of the original 35 percent reduction to 2 percent.


What steps do you have with your husband? You and your husband should consult a physician for further evaluation. Some tests, such as the study of CD4 (immune system), liver function and hemoglobin may be required. If you have met the requirements, you and your spouse receive ARV drugs.

Of your complaint, both you and the man seems to have no complaints. Start of antiretroviral therapy beneficial for preventing the occurrence of opportunistic infections. If there are opportunistic infections (usually when CD4 <200), opportunistic infections, drugs are needed in addition to antiretroviral drugs.The RSCM, now my friends PLWHA (people living with HIV / AIDS) and antiretroviral drugs used around 5600 people. Most are in stable condition, able to go to school or back to work. At steady state, mostly they just two months for consultation and taking ARV drugs.

Indonesia is the second country to ARV drugs to produce in ASEAN after Thailand. The production of ARV drugs in our country since December 8, 2003. The drug is manufactured by PT Kimia Farma, the state-owned pharmaceutical company.

Since 2004, people with HIV in our country made use of this drug.The results are very good. Research at RSCM showed 93 percent of people living with HIV in the body detectable after 6 months of use. But remember, even if the virus was not detected, ARV drugs must still be consumed. In our country, services for HIV-positive pregnant women face in the big cities.

The RSCM, 60-70 per year, allow expectant mothers who are HIV positive. The results are satisfactory. According to research at the Department of Pediatrics, only about 4 percent of babies born to pregnant women in whom a positive prevention efforts.Hopefully these numbers will be printed again, so we can the WTO in 2015 that new HIV cases in infants and children dropped 90 percent.

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Pregnancy Risks in Mature Age /pregnancy-risks-in-mature-age.html /pregnancy-risks-in-mature-age.html#comments Sat, 10 Sep 2011 01:48:57 +0000 qhiqy /?p=914
Not a few couples who choose to delay having a baby in a career and more established financially. It is true that pregnancy is necessary to plan, but the pregnancy at the age of maturity are at high risk.

Opportunities pregnant at the age of 35 is lower because the number of eggs is reduced. Liked or not, but every woman born with all the eggs they have and that published each month during menstruation.

According to Nadkarni Dr.Prashant fertility center in Kuala Lumpur, the age of a woman’s fertility begins to decline in year 35.”Pregnancy should not be delayed too long because of the age will reduce the risk of fertilization success,” he said.

Pregnancy at the venerable age also increases the risk of miscarriage and babies born with chromosomal abnormalities seen the quality and ova are not as good at a young age.

He said today the world faces a crisis of fertility, even in the most populous country like China. ”But this is not a serious problem and the experts do not see it as a disease,” he said.

In Asia, 80 percent of people estimated to suffer from infertility.Some countries are facing fertility problems were most severe Singapore, Hong Kong and Macao.

Beyond the age at marriage are increasingly shifted, Nadkarni said there are several factors that cause decreased fertility, such as lifestyle, health, and environmental pollution.

Experts say obesity is a major cause of difficulty more couples conceive. Ideally, the body mass index for women is between 19-24.

Male sperm count is also influenced by body weight. ”Unhealthy lifestyles such as frequent alcohol and smoking also reduce sperm count,” he said.

Another factor is stress. The high cost of living, traffic jams and high working hours often drag someone into the circle of stress. ”Stress can interfere with ovulation. Stress is also a disrupted menstrual cycles and sexual arousal in men and women down, “he said.

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7 Tips to Overcome Nausea, Vomiting and Pregnancy /7-tips-to-overcome-nausea-vomiting-and-pregnancy.html /7-tips-to-overcome-nausea-vomiting-and-pregnancy.html#comments Sun, 24 Apr 2011 08:44:58 +0000 qhiqy /?p=279

Nausea and vomiting often occur in early pregnancy. This phenomenon is called “morning sickness” because it feels in the morning until noon. The intensity of the symptoms are more common at the end of the first quarter and completely disappeared in the fifth month. The cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is unknown but probably relates to changes in hormones (progesterone and hCG). Stress, anxiety and stress may also be involved.

Seven of these tips can help you cope with nausea and vomiting associated with pregnancy are:

Avoid triggers
Things that can cause nausea including seafood caffeine, orange juice, and a strong odor. Avoid cooking and food preparation if the smell bothers. Ask someone else to cook and prepare food or fast food.
Do not skip meals
Skipping meals can cause nausea due to low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Stomach also contract more difficult when it is empty. Furthermore, the lack of certain nutrients such as potassium can cause more vomiting.

Eat and drink separately
This makes digestion easier and not make the stomach feel full.Drink juice, milk or soup as part of meals.

Eat smaller portions but often, ie every two or three hours
The progesterone causes digestion to work more slowly so you should avoid the stomach is full. Eat foods at room temperature gradually. Cold foods makes it harder to work tract. Sit up after meals, do not lie.

Avoid foods that are too oily, spicy or bitter
Choose foods that are not fragrant strong flavor, such as bananas, white rice (not fried rice), and toast. Snacks are good for pregnant women, among others, pudding, oatmeal, fruit and nuts. Eat cookies or chips can help when you begin to feel nauseous.

Get enough rest
Stress and fatigue can make nausea worse. Make sure you get a good night’s sleep and adequate rest during the day. When working, it never hurts to take a few days off.

Get plenty of fresh air
Sleep with good ventilation and a walk in the morning light. Do not spend time alone at home, occasionally going out to socialize and get some air.

When it is necessary to consult a doctor or a midwife?
In some women, nausea and vomiting all day. This condition is called hyperemesis gravidarum, a condition in which a woman experiences excessive nausea and vomiting. This can cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and weight loss.

When you experience the following, call your doctor or midwife :

  • Can not keep food or liquids for 24 hours
  • Have weight loss of 1 kg or more in a week
  • Feeling dizzy or faint
  • Removing the darker urine or less than the amount normally

Your doctor or midwife can give you an IV and anti-nausea medication to relieve symptoms. You may be advised to be hospitalized can relax and get proper medical care.

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Problems with the male sperm /problems-with-the-male-sperm.html /problems-with-the-male-sperm.html#comments Sun, 17 Oct 2010 02:16:39 +0000 qhiqy /?p=109 How important sperm functions in the process of pregnancy. Therefore, abnormalities in sperm may lead to disruption of male reproductive function. Most cases occur in men are:

* Number of sperm

The fluid released during ejaculation, the man called semen during intercourse. normal semen volume is 2.5 ml. “The liquid cement is pearl white and unpleasant characteristic odor pH 8.7,” said dr. Bowo. Well, the volume of semen is considered abnormally low if less than 1.5 ml. Cement volume exceeds 5 mL was considered abnormal.

The semen is sperm count is what determines the success of obtaining offspring. Normal, spermatozoanya number about 20 million / ml. In men who are less cases of sperm (oligozoospermia) or even not found in sperm cells at all (azoospermia).

With the exception of the sperm in the semen is other substances from glands of male reproduction. Substances that serves food supply and maintain the quality of sperm that can survive until it snaps into the female reproductive tract.

* Abnormalities form (morphology).

normal sperm is shaped like a tadpole. Consists of the head, body and tail. Abnormalities such as small head and a tail as not to affect sperm motility. Of course, this complicates the sperm reaching the egg.

* Movement weak

To reach the egg, sperm must be able to make the long journey. Was a factor in conception. Sperm numbers are sufficient, if not accompanied by a normal movement, so that the sperm reaching the egg. In contrast, although few in number, but quick movements, you can reach the egg.

The case of weak sperm motility (asthenozoospermia) is often. Sometimes, even the dead sperm (necrozoospermia). The movement of sperm is divided into four categories:
a. Move rapidly and directly
b. Slow and difficult to move forward
c. Not moving forward (moving in place)
d. Not moving.

The sperm is considered normal if you have a normal movement with a category of greater than or equal to 25% or categories b greater than or equal to 50%.

normal sperm separated from each other and move according to each direction. In particular, clusters, abnormal sperm, bind to each other, and still. “The situation is said to agglutination,” said Tri Bowo. The agglutination may occur due to an immune disorder in which an egg sperm refused.

Cement Liquid * Too Strong

Semen is very thick, resulting in sperm cells is difficult to move. Fertilization was so difficult, because the sperm can not reach the egg. In normal cases, during ejaculation, the semen in the form of a thick melting (liquefaction) between 15-60 minutes.

* Channel Congestion

At ejaculation, sperm from the testicles to the penis through a very fine line. If the channels were blocked, sperm can not leave. This is usually caused by trauma in the collision. You can also by a lack of genital hygiene to enrich the lives of the virus or bacteria.

* Damage Testes

Testicle may be damaged by viruses and other infections such as mumps, gonorrhea, syphilis, and so on. To note, the testes are sperm factories. Therefore, health should be maintained. You see, a healthy testicle produce both sperm quality and quantity.

The testicles are very sensitive. It was easy to be influenced by external factors. If the testicle is cut off sperm production can be interrupted. Maybe when exposed, was left out of the sperm. It’s just no sperm (azoospermia).

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What is the number of sperm for Pregnant? /what-is-the-number-of-sperm-for-pregnant.html /what-is-the-number-of-sperm-for-pregnant.html#comments Tue, 05 Oct 2010 01:50:48 +0000 qhiqy /?p=101 The sperm are normal and healthy is an important determinant of pregnancy. In each ejaculation contains 100 million sperm. Of that amount, it only takes one sperm to fertilize an egg.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the man who only has a sperm count below 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen, it is difficult to conceive. Why does it take millions of sperm that can fertilize if only a single cell? This is due to travel from the vagina into the fallopian tubes to meet the egg is very difficult.

In fact, the egg is able to survive and reach the fallopian tubes, which still have to fight again to fertilize the egg because the egg is covered with a thick layer that makes the process of fertilization is more difficult. Experts believe it is a difficult stage that natural selection so that only healthy sperm cells are able to fertilize. So babies will be born healthy.

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