Recent studies show why you should immediately stop smoking, maintain ideal body weight and maintain their blood sugar and blood pressure.
According to experts study, three risk factors, namely smoking, diabetes and obesity, may cause your brain to decline rapidly in middle age, even running a mental disorder until after ten years.
This is a result of a study of 1352 volunteers, who averaged 54 years in the study entitled “Investigation of the Framingham Offspring” in 1971. Researchers from the University of California found that smoking, high blood pressure and diabetes associated with changes in blood vessels, which can harm the brain.
“We can not cure or treat diseases of aging, but to encourage people to have a healthy body and healthy mind is very important,” said Dr. Charles DeCarli, director of the Center for Alzheimer’s disease UC Davis.
“People need to stop smoking, control their blood pressure, prevent diabetes, and weight loss,” added the researcher that his research in the journal Neurology memublikasi issue dated August 2, 2011.
In this study, volunteers must undergo blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes. The measurements also include body weight and waist circumference of volunteers. Then they pass the test (scan) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain in the next 10 years. The first MRI done about seven years after the initial evaluation of risk factors. Participants who had a stroke and dementia at the initial examination did not participate in the study. From the results of the first and last scan revealed the 19 participants suffered a stroke and two others developed dementia.
Participants showed a high tensinya more rapid decline in the ability of the brain, ie, test planning and decision making. This is due to high acceleration in terms of damage to the brain, blood vessels than those with normal blood pressure.
Those who develop diabetes in middle age more rapid reduction in the hippocampus than those who had diabetes. Those who smoke do lose brain volume and shrinkage in the hippocampus, which is faster than non-smokers, as well as damaged blood vessels in the brain more quickly.
Meanwhile, participants who were obese in middle age, usually 25 percent of participants who have experienced a sharp decline in executive function tests. Those with waist-hip as a rule, are higher among participants who experienced a 25 percent reduction in brain volume more quickly.